Bishnupur: A Town of Cultural Excellence

Journal of the Anthropological Survey of India, 65(1) : (89-105), 2016

Bishnupur: A Town of Cultural Excellence

Worrel Kumar Bain
Anthropological Survey of India, Eastern Regional Center, Kolkata, West Bengal

Abstract
Bishnupur, sub-divisional town in the district of Bankura was once a buzzing capital of ancient Malla dynasty. Bishnupur flourished in cultural excellence under the reign of Bir Hambir, the 49th ruler of Malla dynasty, who built the famous terracotta temples during the 16th and 17th centuries. This pre-colonial historical town in Bankura district is full of sculptures and relics from the past. It is not only famous for its wonderful medieval terracotta temples and glorious past but also for other cultural tradition such as terracotta art, Baluchari Sari, a distinct musical gharana, the distinctive art of making Dashabatar and Naqsh tash, articles of conch cells, Coconut shell carving, bell metal craft, Lantern etc. The paper attempts to trace the origin and development of the town as a heritage center through historical and cultural perspectives.

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