Defending Human Right of Tribal Women through Development Programme Implementation: A Study of Odisha

Journal of the Anthropological Survey of India, 65(1) : (107-125), 2016

Defending Human Right of Tribal Women through Development Programme Implementation: A Study of Odisha

Chinmayee Satpathy
Tagore National Scholar, Anthropological Survey of India, Kolkata, West Bengal

Abstract
Tribal womenfolk are the most vulnerable section of Indian society suffering from gross human rights violations in the development process. The study has been undertaken in Mayurbhanj a scheduled district of Odisha having more than 58 per cent of tribal population. The aim of study is to measure the extent of awareness and availability of civil, political, cultural, economic rights to tribal women and their extent of participation in village development committees and decision making processes and role of Government and NGOs in this regard. The study is exploratory and descriptive in nature and purposive sampling method has been adopted covering 200 sample tribal women from two non-PVTGs like Santal and Kolha and two PVTGs like Hill Kharia and Mankirdia for making comparative study. The techniques of research used are observation, interview and focused group discussions (FGD). Two types of interview schedules have been used to collect data from the sample tribal women and service providers like government officials and NGO personnel and community leaders.
The research findings show poor socio-economic profile of sample tribal women like illiteracy, underemployment, early marriage below 18 years and more numbers of children, poor living standard, poor housing, absence of electricity and safe drinking water, non-use of toilets and lack of transportation facilities. Awareness of tribal women on various programmes like housing, drinking water and sanitation, PDS and health programmes is low which lead to less availability of benefits of development programmes to them. Participation of tribal women in village development committees is less than 50 per cent and lack of systematic approach and follow up measures in development interventions by the government and N.G.O is noticed. Hence, there is a need of reorientation in human rights approach to development and grassroots intervention.

Total Page Visits: 70 - Today Page Visits: 1