Pattern of Co-morbidities in Severely Acute Malnourished Children (Below 5 years of age) – A Brief Review

Journal of the Anthropological Survey of India, 65(1) : (127-134), 2016

Pattern of Co-morbidities in Severely Acute Malnourished Children (Below 5 years of age) – A Brief Review

Neeru, Sahani. R and Sinha A.K.
Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh

Abstract
Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) is defined as a weight-for-height measurement of 70% or less below the median or 3 SD or more below the mean National Centre for Health Statistics reference values, the presence of bilateral pitting oedema of nutritional origin, or a mid-upper-arm circumference of less than 11.5 cm in children aged 6-59 months. Severe malnutrition affects about a tenth of world children under 5 years of age, particularly living in the developing world like India. According to National Health Survey 3, conducted during 2005-2006 in India, below 6.4% of children under 5 years of age were suffering from SAM. On the basis of the available data, it is expected that there are 8.1 million children below 5 year of age are likely to be suffering from SAM. In India more than 5 million children die every year as a direct or indirect result of malnutrition. The high mortality rate in children, especially in developing country like India, with complicated SAM is because of comorbid conditions namely infections and micronutrient deficiencies and a vice versa. Malnutrition leads to the likely hood of chronic diseases and also reduces long term physical development, cognitive skills, and consequently has a negative effect on school enrollment, and productively later life. In the present paper an attempt is made to see the pattern of co-morbidities in SAM children.

Total Page Visits: 63 - Today Page Visits: 1