Poverty alleviation and Sustainable Livelihood of the Tribals: A Case Study in Sundarban

Journal of the Anthropological Survey of India, 65(2) : (307-317), 2016

Poverty alleviation and Sustainable Livelihood of the Tribals: A Case Study in Sundarban

Amitava Dinda
Anthropological Survey of India, Eastern Regional Centre, Kolkata, West Bengal

Abstract
The majority of the rural masses are still in the grip of poverty although various programme and policies have been taken by Government of India for alleviating poverty during past decades. Poverty and unemployment which go hand in hand are the major factors for declining the prosperity of any region. The present article examines the relationship between poverty and sustainability of the tribals in the district of 24 Parganas (South) of West Bengal. The tribal and non-tribal people, who are living adjacent to Sundarban Tiger Reserve, ekeout their livelihood in a situation where the land is infertile and the creek water is saline. Understandably, the dependency on the river and the forest resources is more. In addition, the fear of crocodile and tiger and prohibitive rule and regulation of the forest department have further increased the hardships of the people. This article attempts to throw light on evaluation of poverty alleviation programmes and the prospects of achieving sustainable livelihood goals of the tribals in Sundarban.

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