Deep Ecology and Religio-Cultural Institutions ofKullu Valley: A Study of Two Environmental Value Systems

Journal of the Anthropological Survey of India, 66(1-2) : (125-132), 2017

Deep Ecology and Religio-Cultural Institutions ofKullu Valley: A Study of Two Environmental Value Systems

Sonia Kaushal
Department of Anthropology, Dr. Harisingh Gour University, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh

Abstract
Human beings are dependent on nature to fulfill certain basic needs and culture is a means through which humans make symbiotic relationship with the natureto sustain life. Therefore, the human-nature relationship is ubiquitous. One cannot envisage culture without nature. There are many indigenous communities which are well adapted in their surrounding environment to maintain the ecological complexity and also manage the available resources. In fact their cosmology, belief system, religious and cultural practices are so much intertwined with their environment that they play major role in shaping their identity with the surrounding environment. But in the fast globalizing world, the societies living in close proximity of nature also experiencing a state of flux, due to globalization and developmental programmes which has unleashed the ecological crisis. The present paper deals with the study of devta institution and shamanism with regard to environmental dependence and resource exploitation of Kullu valley, Himachal Pradesh. The attempt is also made to understand this dyadic relationship through Deep Ecology discourse which tries to envisage human-nature relationship from the eco-centric perspective and role of humans in the environment from religio-cultural institutions of Kullu valley.

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