On the Concepts of Exclusion and Inclusion

Journal of the Anthropological Survey of India, 66(1-2) : (297-310), 2017

On the Concepts of Exclusion and Inclusion

Vinay Kumar Srivastava
Anthropological Survey of India, Head Office, Kolkata, West Bengal

Abstract
The concepts of exclusion and inclusion became popular in the disciplines of social sciences in India in the last ten years or so, especially after the University Grants Commission took initiative in granting financial assistance to universities and deemed universities to start research centers for the study of these processes. In this span of ten years, the future of these research centers has dwindled, however the concepts have come to stay in our theoretical baggage. Most of the studies of exclusion and inclusion in India were done for understanding macro-structures, such as castes and tribes, the poverty of these communities and the systems of dominance that restrict their accessibility to resources and opportunities. The micro-structures at the level of the individual have not been explored. Many contexts, where exclusion is exercised, do not constitute a ‘community,’ as do castes and tribes, for instance, the visually challenged people or those with behavioural disorders. At best, they may be called ‘categories’. Thus, we need to examine the concepts of exclusion and inclusion at the individual level as well

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