Journal of the Anthropological Survey of India, 65(1) : (39-54), 2016
The Nature of Lepcha Traditional Festival: An Overview
Anthropological Survey of India, Eastern Regional Center, Kolkata, West Bengal
Festivals are an important sector of folk culture. Because of the maintenance and fostering of traditional culture and tradition every folk society always make a considerable effort through such festivals, which is the reflection of cultural celebration of a society. Cultural values of the society, social situations can easily be reflected and justified in the festivals which offer a vision of the future. Festivals are prime subject matter of folklorist as well as anthropologists (Stoeltze, 1992). Anthropologist often argues that the celebration of festivals of the traditional communities always preserve cultural heritage, fostering social cohesion, releasing tensions and inculcating pride and loyalty. Festival is more likely a ritual and cultural performance. Nevertheless, an expression of the past, the world-view which these festivals imply can occasionally collide against current social values, which are directly correlated to the issue of people living together in harmony. Traditionalism is clearly based on an acritical and reified view of culture. Therefore, traditional festival of the Lepcha supports social integration throughout their reified view of culture they may have. More to say, this traditional festival contribute toward legitimizing social constructs which tend to strengthen peoples’ identical customs neglecting all the immigrant customs. Here is an attempt to scrutinize that unique feature of Lepcha traditional festivals which speaks the identical customs.
Journal of the Anthropological Survey of India, 65(1) : (23-37), 2016
Understanding Food and Diet Pattern during Pregnancy among the Chamar Women in Rural Uttar Pradesh: Perceptions and Practices
GB Pant Social Science Institute, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
Food and diet pattern determine nutrition and health status of individual and community as well. Food and diet pattern are much significant for women and girls of reproductive age owing to their nutritional vulnerability during their reproductive careers. Reproductive careers being bio-cultural phenomena subjected to many prohibitions and prescriptions regarding food and diet pattern. Considering these points, present paper aims to investigate the perceptions and practices regarding food and diet intake during pregnancy with special reference to the Chamar women in a village of Uttar Pradesh. The study observed that among the women ‘eating down’; a contributory factor in low intake of nutrient is practiced during pregnancy. Fear for obstructed labour and lack of toilet facility have been reported as justifications for practice of ‘eating down’. The field data analysis reveals that perceptions and practices regarding food and diet intake during pregnancy is embedded into class and culture matrix. Methodology of the study comprises of empirical data taken from an ethnographic field work during a period from June 2011 to June 2012.
Journal of the Anthropological Survey of India, 65(1) : (15-22), 2016
Body Mass Index and Distribution of ABO and Rh (D) Blood Groups Among the Ranchi communities of North Andaman
B. V. Raviprasad, Shiv Kumar Patel, Amit Kumar Ghosh and M. Sasikumar
Anthropological Survey of India, A&N Regional Centre, Port Blair
The Ranchi, a heterogeneous tribal population in Andaman Islands, ischosen here for the study of distribution of ABO and Rh (D) blood groups and physique based on Body Mass Index. About 61% of Ranchi population possess ‘Normal’ physique as per BMI classification. About 2% of adult females among them are reported as ‘Obese’ and another 18% as ‘Under nourished’ as per BMI classification. A high frequency of Blood group A is observed among them. One Ranchi women is reported as Rh-negative. But tribes such as the Oraon in Chotanagpur region possess high frequency of blood B, a characteristic feature of Indian populations. The fluctuations in phenotype frequency of ABO blood group system among the Ranchi population of North Andaman Island is attributed to operation natural selection at ABO locus. The Ranchi population is under genetic equilibrium and deviation observed and an expected frequency is just by chance.
Journal of the Anthropological Survey of India, 65(1) : (1-14), 2016
Mate Selection: A Sociological Exploration
Department of Sociology, NEHU, Mawkynroh-Umshing Campus Shillong, Meghalaya
Mate selection is an important area of study in social science and among sociologists. Mate selection is about selecting a partner or a mate. It is not a simple matter to study the issue of mate selection because it is embedded with social factors such as social background, race, colour, status, political ideology, traditions and customs, religious rules, etc. This paper examines the subject-matter of mate selection by focusing on select tribal communities of North-East India. Based on the information the paper argues that the individual and the collective determine mate selection and mate selection is also governed and guided by customary rules and practices, and religious persuasions or denominational regulations.